Foreigners, there’s still work to do if you want to become European! Ethnographies of a state initiative to produce national indigenousness in Western Europe.

By Emma Fiedler


Western Europe’s recent harmonization of practices and discourses in the field of “legal” immigration is based upon a ritualized civic voluntarism, requiring non-European newcomers to individually and actively deserve any permits or statuses conferred. Through the implementation of nationally defined integration courses and the growing cultural codification of naturalization procedures, the growing use of this new “daily plebiscite” involves the creation of a “rooted” but also neoliberal form of European citizenship.


  • Nationality/Citizenship
  • Europe
  • Indigenousness
  • Neoliberalism
  • Migrations
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